The largest known snake, which was as long as a bus and as heavy as a mediocre chariot, was driven by a tropical ecosystem just 6 million years after the disappearance of the famous T - Reks, according to articles from the magazine Nature (nature).
The delicate skeleton of a giant snake designed like a boa, named Titanoboa, was found in Colombia by an international team of scientists, now at the University of Florida, and is thought to be about 12m to 14m long. This length of T-Reks Su( Sue), on display at the Museum of Chicago, is estimated by Jonathan Bloch, a respected paleontologist who led the expedition with Carlos Jaramillo, a paleobotanist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama.
Scientists claim that this snake was even bigger than the horror movie makers in their wildest dreams.
"The huge snake has really disturbed the human imagination, but the reality has surpassed the Hollywood fantasy," says Bloch, who learned about the snakes at the Florida Museum of Natural History. “The snake that tried to eat Jennifer Lopez (Jennifer Lopez) in the movie Anaconda(Anaconda) is not as big as the one that was found.”
Jason Head, a paleontologist at the University of Toronto, described the monster: “The snake's body was so wide that if it had walked through this corridor now and in the meantime decided to come back to eat me, it could barely have somehow turned around and done it."
The snake is thought to have weighed about 1.25 tons and that it lived during the Paleocene Epoch, a period of 10 million years that followed 65 million years after the dinosaurs disappeared, Bloch claims.
Scientists also find many skeletons of a giant tortoise and primitive relatives of crocodiles, which, in all likelihood, were the dinner of this snake, says Bloch.
"Prior to our work in tropical South America, there were no spinal cord fossils for a period of 65 to 55 million years, leaving us with very little understanding of the life it reigned there," he says.
“Now we have a window to the time close to the extinction of the dinosaurs, and we can literally see what living creatures replaced them.”
Size matters, because the giant proportion of the snake indicated that the temperature at the equator was much warmer. We know this because snakes and other cold-blooded animals have limited their size based on the surrounding temperature, Bloch says.
– If you look at the cold-blooded animals and their location on the planet today, the big ones are in the tropics, where it's hotter, and get smaller as they move away from the equator, " he says.
"Based on the size of the snake, the team was able to calculate that the average temperature at the equator of South America 60 million years ago was about 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than it is today.”
The presence of overgrown snakes and turtles indicates that the foundations of the modern Amazon ecosystem were still in place 60 million years ago, Bloch says.
Bloch says that hunting for fossils is usually hard in the forested tropics, due to the lack of rocks found. But excavations at the Cerrejon Coal Mine in Northern Colombia have uncovered rocks and offered an incredible opportunity for a new poison.
As the team brought the fossils to the Florida Historical Museum of Natural History, students Alex Hastings and Jason Bourque were the first to recognize the giant snake's parts. Jason Hide, an expert on snake fossils, collaborated with David Polly, a paleontologist at Indiana University, to establish the snake's mass and length based on the ratio of body size to the dorsal hornet they had.
Hari V. Grinning (Harry W. Green, a professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary biology at Cornell University and one of the leading experts on When they Laugh, said the colossal ancient boa found by the researchers has “important implications in snake biology and our understanding of life in the ancient tropics."
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